So in the last chapter, we explored ways to express possession with demonstratives and pronouns. Now that we know how to express I, he, you, ours, theirs, mine, theirs etc we can begin conjugating some verbs.
For easier understanding the nature of verbs in Creole, we’ll group them into verb classes according to their endings.
In this chapter, we’ll explore verbs conjugated in the most useful tenses possible: the Present and Present Progressive.
The present tense, is a grammatical tense grouping the Present Simple and the Present Progressive. As its name implies, this group of present tenses refer to any action, state of being, habitual action, an occurrence in the near future OR an action that occurs in the past but continues up to the present.
Examples in English (Present simple):
A. I like to cook.
B. I eat broccoli.
C. I sleep late.
D. I wish upon a star.
E. I dice my vegetables first.
F. I study at the university.
Examples in English (Present Progressive):
A. I am eating cereal.
B. I am thinking about going out.
C. She is arguing.
D. We are going to dinner.
E. They are sitting in the park.
F. You‘re being selfish.
Verbs are consistently conjugated in the same manner, with same endings in Creole. So that means it’s less mental work. Conjugating Creole verbs is easier than conjugating English verbs. See below.
For these verbs, the rule is simple: remove the é at the end and you have the present tense conjugations.
- Manjé (to eat):Mo manj (I eat)
To manj (you eat, singular)
Li manj (he, she or it eats)
No/nou/nou-zòt manj (we eat)
Vou-zòt (yall eat)
Yé manj (they eat)
Same as the -é verbs, to form the present tense, except here you’ll remove the last two letters at the end.
- Parti (to leave)Mo par
Present Progressive in Creole
M’ap(é) manjé (I am eating)
T’ap(é) manjé (You’re eating)
L’ap(é) manjé (He, she or it is eating)
N’ap(é) manjé (We’re eating)
Vou-zòt ap(é) manjé (Yall are eating)
Y’ap(é) manjé (They’re eating)
Vou-zòt ap(é) parti