The Creole-Speaking World.


Image Source: Christophe Landry.
Creole appears in dark slate (blue-dark gray) coloring.

Louisiana’s Creole-speaking (Creolophone) community lies on the banks of the state’s main waterways.

Parishes include: Ascension, Calcasieu, Iberia, Iberville, Jefferson, Lafayette, Livingston, Natchitoches, Orléans, Pointe-Coupée, St. Bernard, St. Charles, St. Martin, St. Mary, St. James, St. Landry, St. Tammany, and West Bâton-Rouge.

**Some parishes may not be highlighted where speakers actually live.



Creole languages similar to Louisiana’s are spoken on four continents in the following countries and regions:


  • CANADA: Québec (Haitian)
  • USA: California (Louisianian), Florida (Haitian), Louisiana, New Jersey (Haitian), New York (Haitian, St. Lucian, Dominican), Texas (Louisianian)
  • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haïti, La Martinique, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, St. Martin, St. Vincent, Trinidad & Tobago
  • SOUTH AMERICA: Brazil (Lanc-Patuá of Amapá), British Guyana (French Guianese), French Guiana, Suriname (French Guianese)


  • France (multiple Creoles spoken, mainly; Guadeloupean, Martinican, Reunion Islander, Haitian, Malgache, Mauritian)


  • Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion Island, Rodrigues Island, Seychelles Islands


  • Vietnam (Tây Bồi)


12 thoughts on “The Creole-Speaking World.

  1. On the map of Louisiana Creole communities, Plaquemines Parish is not highlighted. I know for a fact that this parish is a Creole community because my whole family and my friends from that area are Creole, speaking the language and sharing the culture. I would really appreciate if the website includes this parish because it is where part of my Creole heritage come from.

  2. I’m surprised that Evangeline parish is not on the list of Creole speaking parishes. Evangeline was formed at the turn of the 20th Century from the larger Imperial St.Landry parish. My family has been in the Grand Prairie / Ville Platte area since the 1700’s and are Creoles. I can’t compare the linguistic styles of Ville Platte to other regions of the state, but I have know people from other parts of St.landry parish who speak a differnet patios from Creoles in Ville Platte. It would be nice to see some recognition given to the Creoles of Evangeline Parish.

  3. I don’t mean to imply that Grand Prairie is in Evangeline Parish…it’s in St.Landry. I’m making note of the proximity and family ties between the two locations. Settlements in the parish such as Frilot Cove, L’Anse Grise, among others, have native Creole and Cajun speakers. It would be interesting to see a comparison of the various dialects of the Louisiana Prairie.

  4. I was born and raised in Ville Platte and I asure you that I have come across more people in Evangeline Parish that speak creole on and everyday basis than any other parish. So much to the fact there is a radio station there known as KVPI and they have the news in french because there are so many people the there that don’t speak any english at all. I am very surprised that Evangeline Parish is not highlighted.

    • Both Evangeline and Avoyelles ARE CREOLE PARISHES as are most of the Parishes which existed before their PRESUMPTUOUS “RE-LABELING” in 1971 by legal fiat as “ACADIANA” -a move prompted by greed, racism and need. Read about it in the upcoming 3 volume books: Our People: The Forgotten Creoles of Louisiana’s French Triangle, by John laFleur, Brian Costello, Dr. Ina Fandrich, Dr. Angelique Bergeron and Avoyels Chief John “Sittting Bear” Mayeux.

  5. Due to deliberate falsification of our true, historic Creole French ethnicity, as “CAJUN” -a ploy once to avoid racial confusion-now for garnering tourist dollars-Evangeline Parish has “passed” as if it were of Acadian origins; its’name being part of this deliberate cultural identity theft, was appropriated long before tourism, and in response/reaction to the “Free People of Color”-who shared common ancestral roots with white Creoles- appropriately adopting the “Creole” label themselves in their own effort to avoid racial confusion with former black slaves, freed after the Civil War. In fact, -to be fair to the Chamber of Commerce leadership at Ville Platte-they will tell you that they ARE French Creoles, but bc of later intermarriage w/ Acadian families, they claim the “Cajun” along with the Creole. The problem is that they do not celebrate this true and far grander heritage. Still, the content of the language here is irrefutably French Colonial/Creole, and not Acadian. See Albert Valdman
    s compendium of scholarly essays-especially Dr. Margaret Marshall’s very revealing research-in, French and Creole in Louisiana, 1997 Plenum Press, New York.

  6. Due to Lafayette’s mass-marketing and CODOFIL’s relentless rationalizing of its stereotyping of all blacks as uniquely CREOLE, and its equal sin of stereotyping all white francophones as uniquely “Cajun” married to the ugly racism of Jim Crow era politics and racial divide “Acadiana” was produced and since Evangeline Parish pretends to be “Cajun” when in fact, we’ve always been “Creole” -black, white, and in-between.
    John LaFleur II, See new book addressing the truth of who we really are in Evangeline, St. Landry, Avoyelles and Pointe Coupee Parishes: Louisiana’s French Creole Cultural and Linguistic Traditions: Before and Since Cajunization, 2012 December, XLIBRIS BOOKS

    • People need information that is accurate historically and not the fabrications of greedy marketeers from the racially tense 1960’s who divided white and black French speaking people into two ridiculous “Jim Crow” era camps: “Creole” became associated with only black folks, and “Cajun” with only whites! Creole has NEVER meant “Black” in Louisiana history. Blacks, whites and anyone and anything else “born in Louisiana” is what Creole truly represents. Learn more. Get John laFleur’s new book, Louisiana’s French Creole Culinary & Linguistic Traditions coming out in January 2013 and will be available online as well as through direct order at:

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